# Codingame Solution: Benford's law

Original Problem

## Goal

In this puzzle that shows a real-life phenomenon, you have to detect whether a bank account have a high risk to contain fraudulent transactions.

The Benford law is used on real anti-fraud systems to detect frauds about government accounting fraud, fiscal fraud, or even election cheating.

+1122.85 $-10.69$-21.79 $+12.08$

You have to count how much transactions start with "1", "2", ...

For example:
"+1122.85 $" starts with 1 "-0.50" starts with 5 "$ 242.00" starts with 2

And you must output "true" if the bank account seems fraudulent, or "false" if it seems regular.

For this puzzle, your program will naively output whether a bank account seems fraudulent or not. You will be given the Benford law percentages:

1: 30.1%2: 17.6%3: 12.5%4: 9.7%5: 7.9%6: 6.7%7: 5.8%8: 5.1%9: 4.6%

An account is considered regular if the account starting numbers percentage follow these percentages, with a margin of 10 percent. Which means that you may find:

transactions starting with 1: 30.1%, so between 20.1% and 40.1%
transactions starting with 2: 17.6%, so between 7.6% and 27.6%
...

If at least one of these percentage is outside the expected range, the account is considered as fraudulent, you must then output "true".

Note that transactions may be formatted like this:

-48.12$- 5,00 €+0.99350.10-25 €$ 500.0042 £

It can be any currency.

Input
Line 1: The number of transactions N.
Next N lines: The transaction. Can be formatted like "-48.12\$", "- 5,00 €", "+0.99", "350.10", "-25 €", ...
Output
One line: "true" if the account seems fraudulent, "false" if it seems regular.
Constraints
0 < N ≤ 1000

## Solution

The only problem on this task is the corrupted input format. I wanted to extract the first digit with $$d = \left\lfloor n \cdot 10^{-\lfloor\log_{10}(n)\rfloor}\right\rfloor$$, but the most reliable way is to search for the first digit in the string.

After solving the input, it's just a comparision if the frequecy is within the required 10% interval:

let res = false;

const cnt = new Uint32Array(10);
const bnf = [
.0,
.301,
.176,
.125,
.097,
.079,
.067,
.058,
.051,
.046
];

for (let i = 0; i < N; i++) {